In most types of weaving, advancing the warp is not physically difficult. I may sometimes find it an annoying interruption, but it’s not really a problem. However, I’ve found that with peg loom weaving, it can be a bit difficult.
There’s not much written out there on peg and stick weaving, so it’s hard to pin down whether or not there’s a “usually recommended” method. But here’s the method of warp advancement in the few videos I’ve seen out there: pull up each peg, one by one, and replace it in its hole (click for big).
The problem with this is that with a large piece, or a heavy weft, or a grippy warp, or a piece where the warp is quite thick, it can be difficult to pull the peg out. My denim rug ticks all those boxes. All I have to hold onto is an inch or two at the top of each peg, and doing this over and over can start to get tiring for the muscles of your forearms. If you have any inclination to hand, wrist, forearm, or elbow pain, it may crop up now — at least it does for me. (This is one reason it’s very nice to have longer pegs – more area for gripping and pulling, and less frequent advancement. The ones I am using here are only about 4.25″ long, and I sort of wish I had ordered 6″ instead. Lesson learned.)
Now, I’m no physical therapist, but here’s a method of warp advancement that I’ve found to be easier on my body; you just have to be more careful not to let the weft slide off the pegs as you work:
Either way you do it, once you’ve pulled each warp thread through the weaving and replaced all your pegs, the loom will look like this:
Tightening the warps is easy and satisfying:
Now that everything is tightened up nicely again, I like to hold it that way. To do that, I put clips at the bottom of the weft. Now everything is ready for more weaving onto the pegs.